Analyzing Color: 45/0 versus Sphere SPIN Color Instrumentation 4

In the color industry, there are two classes of instrumentation based on their geometry that are used to measure color: “45/0” and “Sphere”.

45/0 Color Instrument

A 45/0 color instrument is used in situations where we want to measure color the way our eye sees color. Gloss levels influence the way our eye sees color. A high gloss sample appears darker to our eye than a matte gloss sample with the same pigment concentration. A practical use for a 45/0 color instrument is to check color consistency of consumer products when appearance is a deciding factor in a product purchase.

45°circumferential illumination 0° viewing perpendicular to sample plane This simulates visual color evaluation by excluding the gloss. The advantage of circumferential illumination is to achieve more repeatable measurements results on directional and structured surfaces. Photo courtesy of BYK-Gardner.

45°circumferential illumination
0° viewing perpendicular to sample plane
This simulates visual color evaluation by excluding the gloss. The advantage of circumferential illumination is to achieve more repeatable measurements results on directional and structured surfaces.
Photo courtesy of BYK-Gardner.

So for a 45/0 color instrument,

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Controlling the Tight Color and Gloss Tolerances of Automotive Interior Parts 5

Measuring color for an interior automotive application with a spectra-guide-S. Photo courtesy of BYK-Gardner.

Measuring color for an interior automotive application with a spectra-guide-S.
Photo courtesy of BYK-Gardner.

Automotive Interiors

Automotive interiors are comprised of a variety of materials and produced by several companies. To achieve a uniform appearance, automotive companies have tight quality control (QC) tolerances. Color tolerances are typically ­±0.5 for ΔL*, Δa*, Δb* and gloss tolerances are typically ±0.3 to 0.5 gloss units (GU).

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The Importance of Measuring Color and Gloss for Weathering 2

Samples undergoing a weather test.

Samples undergoing a weather test.

Weathering is a routine performance test to determine durability of paint and plastics under extreme weather conditions. The most popular areas for weathering studies are located in AZ and South FL. Samples can also be placed into chambers that can simulate changes in temperature, humidity and UV levels. More…